破解制造困局|干毛巾中挤出水来|工装及设备的进化与智能升级

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导读:

01,工装即工艺装备:指制造过程中所用的各种工具的总称包括刀具/夹具/模具/量具/检具/辅具/钳工工具/工位器具等工装是制造过程中必不可少的辅助装备,也是IE动作改善中十分常用的工具

02,设备指可供企业在生产中长期使用,并在反复使用中基本保持原有实物形态和功能的劳动资料和物质资料的总称。设备(设备)通常是一群中大型的机具器材集合体,皆无法拿在手上操作而必须有固定的台座,使用电源之类动力运作而非人力

03,不论是工装还是设备,从IE角度理解都是为了取代人工操作而实施的“动作改善”,它可以提升效率(P),保障品质(Q),保障安全(S)

04,伴随着人类制造的不断深入与细化,制造工艺的技术性要求愈加突显。工装与设备的界限愈加模糊,但它们自身的进化与升级却日新月异,称为IE改善的一大利器

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正文:

众览工装与设备的进化与升级历程,可以清楚地划分为4个阶段。不仅融合了传统意义上工装与设备的界限,更将它们的功能从替代人工操作提升为替代人工“判断与决策” ,即所谓的“人工智能AI”

01,阶段一:工装

?工装即工艺装备:指制造过程中所用的各种工具的总称包括刀具/夹具/模具/量具/检具/辅具/钳工工具/工位器具等

?制造业中的常见工装

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XX物流工具12c94e19733246feafdb5e004a8c8e19

检测工具96e6b8730363464b985d984a41a756ac

辅助处理工具fe3d5aad03d6471184aefd01afe547c0

自动装载托盘

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基板分割

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自动胶片

02,第二阶段:自我毁灭(JIDOKA)

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?丰田萨基的自行式织机

1896年,在日本奈良县,发明了这项发明的丰田萨基在日本发明了第一台自动织机“丰田式气动织机”。在本发明中特别值得一提的是“纬线断线自动停止装置”,配备有这种装置的织机可在纬纱断裂时立即自动停止。这种改变纺织工业历史的装置直到一个世纪后才被大型织机使用。正是这种思维方式“当有缺陷的产品发生时,机器立即停止运转以确保100%的质量”,这构成了丰田今天生产思想的基础

? JIDOKA的两个主要内涵

较少人(非省级):机器自行判断好坏产品。当发生异常,即发生缺陷产品时,机器自发停止生产。操作员无需监控侧面。一个操作员可以处理许多设备,因此所需的工人数量很少为零:由于机器将由于产品缺陷而生产,即生产将自动停止,当然,可以实现零缺陷。

? JIDOKA的特点

角色方面表示某人的判断。当机器投入生产时,操作员可以在不进行监控的情况下保留非添加剂;当发生异常情况时,机器将自动停止使用警告灯通知

JIDOKA is not automated (AUTOMATION)

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JIDOKA requires equipment to have "automatic detection", "self-judgment" and "alert" functions, in other words, it has the function of replacing the manual implementation of "preliminary decision". It is the prototype and groundbreaking practice of today's AI!

03, stage three: LCIA

Low Cost Intelligent Automation, also known as “simple automation”

? Features of LCIA

Each company can export its own ideas according to the actual process needs. The “simple” automation of intelligent independent production is called “simple automation”. The main part is universal, the adaptive part is dedicated, and it is applicable and cheap. It is a kind of "non-standard" design speed, miniaturization, humanization case sharing9af0b920e55d415bb7004d7052bc4289

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Using the concept of LCIA, we designed a special "automatic high-temperature welding equipment" for the company's craftsmanship, and achieved one arrow and three carvings: the original 12-person manual welding became one-person operation, automatic welding, and direct reduction of 11 people; Quality; improved safety for high temperature operations

Why is it not "tooling" but "LCIA"? Because the quality judgment after high-temperature welding (the shape of the solder joint, the amount of solder, the surface voids on the solder joint surface) is completely independent of manual judgment, it is automatically determined by optical imaging and scanning technology, and the defective products can be automatically classified.

JIDOKA originated from Toyota, and the Japanese industry has continuously deepened the design of “automatic + primary artificial intelligence” based on this concept. So far, it has formed a very perfect theoretical system and practical experience

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04,设备智能

?高科技智能化

灵活的AI设备数字信息大数据和云处理集成管理系统设备物联网

? 3项重大技术创新

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? 8项核心技术

工业互联网云计算行业大数据工业机器人传感器人工智能AI虚拟现实VR3D打印

[结束“干毛巾挤出水”系列]

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